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​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​These pages provide analysis of economic and policy developments affecting the financial performance of the global airline industry.​​​​​​​​​​ 

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Cargo traffic maintains recovery trend amid challenges

After an outstanding performance in 2021, air cargo demand faced consecutive year-on-year (YoY) declines in 2022, a trend that persisted until July 2023. However, August marked a turning point with the first annual growth since February 2022

  • Chart of the Week

Air Passenger Market Analysis - August 2023

Passenger traffic growth continued in August

  • Air Passenger Monthly Analysis

Air Cargo Market Analysis - August 2023

Air cargo recorded first annual growth since Feb 2022

  • Air Freight Monthly Analysis

Broad passenger growth across markets in Q2 2023

In Q2 2023, global origin-destination (O-D) passenger traffic grew 28.9% compared to Q2 2022 levels, totaling 954 million passengers. This brought global passenger traffic close to pre-pandemic levels, just 3.5% below Q2 2019.

  • Chart of the Week

Airlines operate key hubs for growth and connectivity

Airlines efficiently connect passengers across cities using strategic hub-and-spoke systems, consolidating and directing travelers through central hub airports. This approach enables airlines to resourcefully transport an increasing number of passengers to various destinations while benefiting from economies of scale and traffic density. Today’s chart highlights the pivotal airports through which airlines facilitate passenger flows between global markets, driving strong traffic recovery and connectivity growth.

  • Chart of the Week

July sets all-time high for domestic passenger traffic

Domestic air travel has been a driving force in the recovery of global passenger demand since the onset of the pandemic, mainly due to the early reopening of domestic markets.

  • Chart of the Week

Balancing fleet age for efficiency and sustainable growth

Airlines modernize their fleets in a structural quest for lower fuel consumption and the associated carbon emissions reduction. Additionally, fleets are optimized to meet global passenger demand while capturing operational efficiency gains. Newer aircraft models offer better fuel economy and operational performance, resulting in cost savings and lower CO2 emissions. Given the significant cost of commercial aircraft, airlines often lease their assets, with ownership and leasing evenly split in the industry.

  • Chart of the Week

Air Passenger Market Analysis July 2023

Robust growth in domestic RPKs bolsters global recovery

  • Market Developments
  • Air Passenger Monthly Analysis

Air Cargo Market Analysis - July 2023

Air cargo maintains recovery momentum despite headwinds

  • Market Developments
  • Air Freight Monthly Analysis

Sustainable aviation fuel output increases, but volumes still low

In the pursuit of net-zero carbon emissions by 2050, the aviation industry finds itself at a pivotal juncture. A combination of technological solutions is required to achieve that ambitious goal. Various pathways to net zero are possible but all feature Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) as a key component in curtailing carbon emissions within the hard-to-abate air transport sector.

  • Chart of the Week

Quarterly Air Transport Chartbook Q2 2023

Quarterly review of the industry passenger, cargo and financial performance.

  • Regional Economic Briefings
  • Industry Economic Performance

Asia Pacific traffic dominates top 10 city pairs

An analysis of air passenger journeys shows that by far the most popular origin - destination (O-D) passenger route across the past twelve months was Jeju-si to/from Seoul. This strong performance is consistent with the pre-pandemic (2019) statistics, where the same route saw 65% higher passenger demand than the next busiest route which at the time was Tokyo-Sapporo

  • Chart of the Week

Industry employment yet to fully recover from the pandemic

Today’s chart depicts developments in airline employment, based on IATA’s Annual Air Transport Survey. Data for the Top 25 airlines (by employment size) are used to proxy the industry total.

  • Chart of the Week

Int’l RPK and ASK growth realign, restore load factors

Our latest Air Passenger Monthly Analysis highlighted the very positive developments achieved by the global air passenger industry over the first half (H1) of this year. Domestic passenger traffic has rebounded beyond prepandemic levels, fueled by robust demand across all regions. This resurgence was bolstered by the strong performance of major domestic markets, including the US and PR China. On the other hand, international traffic is still recovering, but at a rapid pace propelled by pent-up demand.

  • Chart of the Week

Air Passenger Market Analysis - June 2023

Strong first half of the year ends on a positive note for the industry

  • Air Passenger Monthly Analysis